Original and useful
On the stem of Brussels sprouts, 40 to 90 cabbage heads the size of a walnut are formed. In the second year of life, flowering shoots appear, which then give seeds. At the same time, the plant has an unusual and attractive appearance.
Small dense heads of cabbage are eaten. They contain a lot of protein, vitamins C, PP group B, carotene, mineral salts. By the way, Brussels sprouts are ahead of traditional white cabbage in nutritional properties and are a champion in the content of potassium, phosphorus and iron. And there are even three times more vitamin C in it than in lemons, oranges and white cabbage. Moreover, during storage and processing, its amount does not decrease. And in the presence and ratio of amino acids, this cabbage is not inferior to the protein of meat and milk. Therefore, it is considered one of the most valuable vegetables.
It is especially useful for cardiovascular diseases (due to the significant content of potassium), reduced immunity and diabetes. Due to its low fiber content, it is indicated for people with stomach ulcers. A decoction of it is recommended for prolonged illnesses or after physical overload.
© Lars Plougmann
Salads, side dishes for meat and fish dishes are prepared from Brussels sprouts, marinated, boiled or fried as a separate dish. Cook for a short time so that the leaves are not softened. In many countries, traditionally served with turkey. And how beautiful the little tight, light green heads of cabbage look on a plate! The Belgians are generally a national dish.
The growing season of Brussels sprouts is long (135-160 days), so they are grown mainly in the seedling method, although it is possible without seedlings. Seeds for seedlings are sown in March - early April, and planted in open soil in May at the age of about 45 days, when there are already 4-6 leaves. The seed planting depth is 1 cm. When planting in open soil, seedlings are deepened to the first leaves. Planting pattern - 70 × 60 cm. Good predecessors for it are potatoes, carrots, green manure, cucumbers, grains and legumes. Unwanted - cabbage, beets, tomatoes, radish, radish. They return cabbage to the beds only after 4 years.
© arnold | inuyaki
Since it grows slowly, early tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables can be planted in the aisles. Caring for Brussels sprouts and white cabbage is similar. Regarding the earthing up of plants, there is no general opinion. Some vegetable growers believe that this is not necessary. Others, on the contrary, argue what is needed because they have a tall stalk. The plant is light-loving, does not tolerate piercing winds, so they plant it in places protected from drafts. By the way, unlike other types of cabbage, it is less affected by keel. The most popular variety is Hercules.
It is better to grow Brussels sprouts on soils with a low nitrogen content, because on nitrogenous cabbage goose badly curl and are soft. He also does not like fresh manure; it is better to make compost. This is a rather drought-resistant culture, because unlike white cabbage, it has a stronger root system. But for a good presentation it requires a sufficient amount of moisture, especially in the phases of intensive growth of leaves and the formation of fruits.
During the formation of heads of cabbage, it is advisable to feed plants 1-2 times with superphosphate and potassium sulfate (30 g per 10 l of water). For each plant, 1 liter of solution is enough. Mullein (1:10) and bird droppings (1:20) are also used for feeding. Also, plants and soil on the bed from pests are dusted with wood ash (a glass per 1 sq. M).
However, it is important not to “overfeed” the planting, since this increases the growing season and delayed development. To stop the growth of the stem and thereby accelerate the maturation of heads of cabbage, pinch the tops of plants. This is usually done in the middle - end of August. However, pinching the tops too early can lead to cracking and stiffening of the fruit.
© Joost J. Bakker IJmuiden
Brussels sprouts are cold-resistant, they can be harvested until December. Adult plants can withstand temperatures down to minus 5-8 degrees. The optimum temperature for growing is 15-18. Higher, like excessive moisture, leads to a delay in the development of the fruit. A sign that they have ripened is the falling of leaves. The first sharp knife cut the largest leaves in the lower sinuses.
For freezing, cabbage folded in plastic bags, tightly tied and placed in the freezer. But fresh Brussels sprouts are poorly preserved. For storage in the cellar, the stems along with the cabbage heads are cut off (the leaves remaining on them are torn off) and dug in the sand. Then the cabbage heads will be dense and juicy. At a temperature of 0-1 degrees and an air humidity of 90-95%, they can be stored for up to 2 months.
To prepare dishes from this cabbage, heads of cabbage are not cut very close to the base, since they easily decay. During extinguishing, make sure that the leaves do not separate. To avoid bitterness, it is advisable to carefully cut out the heads of cabbage before cooking. The taste of Brussels sprouts is very delicate.