Canarina, or "Canary bell"
Canary Canary is a magnificent climbing plant that is ideal for a cold greenhouse, where it will bloom in winter. Tie the stems of the plant to a wire or other support about 1.2-1.5 m high. This is a deciduous climbing or creeping plant that dies annually and grows again from the tuber with the onset of autumn. The birthplace of this species is the Canary Islands.
Description of Canary Canary
The reddish succulent curly stalks of the Canary Canary are covered with jagged at the ends, blue-green, triangular leaves. Stems can reach up to 3 m in length, but usually they are shorter - from 1.2 to 1.5 m.
Large, bell-shaped flowers of canary can be from yellow to orange and dark red-orange in color with dark veins. Flowers appear from late autumn to winter. Each flower reaches 6-8 cm in length. After flowering, edible oval fleshy berries the size of a walnut appear on the plant. Berries are first red-orange in color, and as they ripen, they turn black.
After flowering ends, the stalks and leaves of the canarine gradually turn yellow, and the plant dies off until mid-summer and passes into the dormant stage. In the fall, when the temperature drops, the tubers give rise to new stems.
Caring for Canary Canary
Canary Canary is characterized by an atypical growth cycle, therefore, it needs careful care throughout the year. It is especially important to keep the plant on a cool veranda or in a cool greenhouse. Canary Canary grows well in fertile, clay soil. Plant her in a large flower pot. The tubers are transplanted every 2-3 years when they become large.
In the fall, when Canary Canary starts growing, begin to water it more intensively. Water the plant more abundantly as it grows, but make sure that the soil does not stagnate. Provide the plant with a temperature of about 7 ° C, which will induce it to grow. During active growth, every 2-3 weeks feed Canary Canary diluted in water with fertilizers. After the flowers fade and the leaves begin to turn yellow, limit watering until the plants completely dry in the summer.
In May, June or July, sow the Canary Canary seeds, one at a depth of 3 mm, in small flower pots with a diameter of 6 cm. As a suitable soil, use a permeable, clay soil for sowing seeds. If you sow the seeds before May, there will be a greater chance that the plant will bloom in the same year. Pour the canary from below, make sure that excess moisture flows out of the pot and provide the plant with a temperature of 15 ° C at night and 25 ° C in the afternoon.
Due to such a large temperature difference, canarina seeds will germinate faster, although a similar effect can be achieved if the temperature around the clock is 22 ° C. Place the flower pots in the greenhouse or cover them with foil with ventilation holes. Water from below. Seeds germinate in 30-180 days. After seed germination, lower the temperature slightly. Seedlings first grow slowly, but later on a pair of strong leaves quickly develop on it. When the roots of the plant completely fill the pot, transplant.
Caring for Canary Canary
Watering and feeding
Canary Canary from autumn needs more abundant watering. Water the plant so that the soil remains moist, but in no case do not allow it to become excessively wet. From the end of spring, the soil in the pot should be dry. During active growth, every 2-3 weeks feed the plant with fertilizer diluted in water. In the summer, do not feed.
During active growth, the canarine should stand in a place illuminated by ambient light. Too bright sunlight can harm the delicate leaves of the plant. Insufficient lighting leads to the fact that the stems of the plant are very elongated. From autumn to spring, the air temperature should be 7 ° C. In summer, during dormancy, the plant tolerates heat well.
So that canarina can rise up, provide her with a support in the form of a tripod of three or five bamboo sticks. The easiest way to establish such a support is if Canary Canary grows in a large flower pot with a diameter of 25 cm, which is stable on the floor. You can also put a pot with this plant on the ropes stretched along the wall, then canary will be an excellent background for bulbs.
Buying Canary Canary
From mid to late summer, look for canary in specialized stores and nurseries; buy seeds at the end of winter. Choose a healthy, strong plant with young stems. After five to six years, we recommend updating this plant. Canary seeds are Canarian inexpensive.
Possible problems when growing canarina
Snails and slugs
Snails or slugs eat the stems and leaves of outdoor plants. These pests infect plant stems, even if the pot is above ground. Use suitable granules (make sure that children and pets cannot get to them). You can also glue pots with sticky film so that pests do not get to the stems and leaves.
If in winter the temperature in the room with Canary Canary is too low, then the ends of the leaves of the plant will curl up and their edges will turn purple. Increase the air temperature, however, it should not be too high, otherwise the plant will quickly fade.
If during the winter period the Canary Canary will not have enough sunlight, then its stems will stretch.