Colorful indoor chrysanthemum pillows
Chrysanthemums have long become a symbol of autumn. Luxurious, flowering sheaves of bushes of these unique garden plants in pots massively fill the counters on the eve of the most fiery time of the end of the garden season. But luxurious blooming chrysanthemums, the inflorescences of which sit so tightly that they turn every bush into a pillow, can decorate not only household plots and terraces. After all, chrysanthemums are also indoor. More compact and hardy, they delight with the same stunning profuse flowering that turns plants into fabulous bouquets in pots. And let it take a lot of effort to maintain plants for a very long flowering period, no other indoor culture can compete with chrysanthemums in the effect of a blooming miracle. Yes, and care for indoor chrysanthemums will need to be thorough, but not so complicated.
Autumn blooming pillows room format
Indoor chrysanthemums are just representatives of those same Chrysanthemum from the Asteraceae family, which were bred by breeders and adapted to home conditions. The color and atmospheric effects of indoor chrysanthemums in any room can hardly be overestimated. They really transform the space, not only attracting admirable attention to themselves, but also setting the mood for the whole day.
This is perhaps the most powerful color accents of all available and the most pronounced room optimists. And absolutely definitely - these are the best autumn accents for any room. Indoor chrysanthemums, like their garden counterparts, bloom in the most colorful and fiery of all seasons. They bring the autumn mood into the interior and compensate for the gradual reduction in daylight hours, the traditional depressed seasonal mood.
But luxurious indoor chrysanthemums, resembling small copies of garden beauties - plants are largely insidious. "Flower of the sun" in the home format requires a very careful approach to the selection of plants when buying. The thing is that it is very difficult to cure indoor chrysanthemum when infected with pests or diseases, and in order not to have any problems and not bring a real nursery to the house that can infect other indoor plants in the blink of an eye, it is necessary to carefully examine the foliage and buds, not too lazy to look inside the bush and make sure that you buy healthy plants. But after a thorough inspection and a small quarantine, you can decorate your interior with colored pillows.
Indoor chrysanthemums are compact varieties of chrysanthemums whose bushes are usually limited to 25-40 cm in height. It makes sense to talk about the usual species diversity of chrysanthemums only in connection with garden plants. In room culture, chrysanthemums undergo long-term selection and are most often represented by the best hybrids and hybrid varieties that were specially bred not only to increase compactness, but also to maintain abundant color while reducing flower size.
Miniature and lush, such chrysanthemums allow you to choose between simple and terry varieties, various colors and decorative details. As well as in garden chrysanthemums, indoor ones retain a division into large-flowered (inflorescences from 8 cm), middle-flowered and small-flowered chrysanthemums, the inflorescences of which are limited to a maximum of 2-3 cm in room culture. Terry flowers can be spherical, lucid, pompom, hemispherical, flat ...
That is, in fact, like in garden plants, the assortment of indoor chrysanthemums allows everyone to find plants to their taste. Representation does not decrease in the palette of colors. The color scheme of even indoor chrysanthemums includes the most diverse shades of white, yellow, pink, red, purple colors, and more recently, even the once unimaginable blue and blue chrysanthemums.
Popular varieties of indoor chrysanthemums
The most popular varieties that are found today on sale everywhere and have already become legendary include such indoor chrysanthemums as:
- the yellow, plentiful-colored Golden Gloria, resembling dense bushes dotted with small suns;
- the unique Old Gold variety, a favorite of many growers with bronze color;
- grade "Gustav Greenwald";
- chamomile chrysanthemum with flowers with a diameter of 8 cm and a unique combination of white yellow and pink colors ‘Frutescens’;
- гари Morifolium ’,‘ Morifolium Cascade ’daisy chrysanthemums.
But it’s better to evaluate the range of chrysanthemums according to the varieties presented in a particular area. Indeed, new varieties with the most original forms of inflorescences appear every year, and old varieties undergo additional breeding and increase their resistance.
Today, bonsai plants have become unexpectedly fashionable among indoor chrysanthemums. The spectacle of surprisingly graceful, miniature tree-like plants with typical tree silhouettes dotted with pillows of bright flowers is simply impossible to forget. But such chrysanthemums, due to the difficulty of growing, are considered quite rare and therefore cost a lot.
Care for indoor chrysanthemums at home
Indoor chrysanthemums are a pleasure that not everyone can afford. They require cool contents and careful care. And a cold wintering is not the biggest problem at all. So to acquire such a blooming miracle is only when you are sure that you can give them increased attention. But even in beauty, not a single plant can be compared with chrysanthemums, so that its flowering redeems all difficulties.
Lighting for indoor chrysanthemums
If you want to succeed and admire the magnificent blooming chrysanthemums in your interior, then you will have to take care of good lighting. In the home format, chrysanthemums cannot stand direct sunlight, but they need the brightest lighting possible. Locations with diffused lighting are usually available only on window sills. At the same time, eastern and western windows were always considered ideal for indoor chrysanthemums. The winter lighting regimen does not matter, because the plants are pruned under the root and can be kept even in a dark room.
The selection of conditions for indoor chrysanthemums often causes them to be abandoned in favor of more hardy plants. The thing is that indoor chrysanthemums require cool maintenance. These plants reveal their beauty only if the air temperature remains close to 18 degrees Celsius and in no case exceeds 20-23 degrees.
If the air temperature rises above 25 degrees, inflorescences begin to dry in the chrysanthemum, the flowering period is reduced, and the plant gradually dies. It is impossible to compensate for the lack of coolness with any care measures: the number of inflorescences directly makes it impossible to provide the plant with the only measure that can stop the yellowing process - spraying.
If you want to grow indoor plants just as seasonal plants, then after flowering you can throw them away. But since this is a full-fledged perennial that can even be transferred to the garden if desired and changed the form of its cultivation, then try to save it. And after such a colorful show, throwing out an expensive chrysanthemum is simply a pity. Moreover, after all the efforts spent wintering is not so difficult to organize. For home chrysanthemums you will need an almost cold regime. The optimum temperature for this plant is 3-5 degrees of heat.
Without exception, all indoor chrysanthemums adore fresh air, can be used not only to decorate rooms, but also balconies or even a garden. You can take them out into the open air already after the return spring frosts have passed. You can leave them in the open until the first frosts. But the larger, more powerful potted garden chrysanthemums can do the job of decorating the garden. But indoor should pay tribute to the interiors of apartments and houses. Indoor chrysanthemums are not afraid of drafts and adore airing; they can be grown on constantly open windows.
Watering and humidity
Watering for indoor chrysanthemums should be more than attentive. The soil for these plants must be maintained in a slightly moist state, regular systemic irrigation, not allowing it to completely dry out, but also preventing excess moisture, which almost instantly “starts” the process of decay and spread of fungal infections.
Light soil moisture can be made stable if each subsequent procedure is carried out after several top centimeters of the substrate in pots are completely dry. At the same time, frequent, but less plentiful watering is much better suited for chrysanthemum (moderate procedures allow avoiding a sharp fluctuation in conditions). The estimated frequency of procedures for chrysanthemums in the summer is about 2 times a week. It is very important to water in the evening, and not in the morning.
Chrysanthemums are insensitive to air humidity and do not need measures to increase its performance. The only exception is the conditions under which the air temperature is significantly higher than recommended. In this case, not yet blooming chrysanthemums can be periodically sprayed to lower and compensate for the air temperature. But with the beginning of flowering, these procedures will have to stop. Spraying is carried out, and when they just want to improve the appearance of greenery, refreshing plants.
Dressing for indoor chrysanthemums
For abundant flowering of chrysanthemum, the corresponding frequency of fertilizing is required. Usually fertilizer for indoor chrysanthemums is applied at a frequency of 1 time per week. It is better to use complex universal fertilizers for a plant, rather than special mixtures for flowering crops. They feed during the entire phase of active development, from the beginning of spring to the end of flowering.
Another strategy can be applied: in the spring, at the stage of active growth, apply exclusively nitrogen fertilizers for indoor chrysanthemums, during pot and phosphorus fertilizers during budding and flowering. An important rule that will ensure you not only the health of the plant, but also the longest flowering - apply fertilizing about 12 hours after watering.
One of the most important procedures that should not be forgotten for indoor chrysanthemums is pinching the shoots. It is necessary not only for the plant to form lush thick bushes, but also for the formation of additional buds and the transformation of chrysanthemums into flowering caps. For small-flowered chrysanthemums, 2-3 nipples are usually carried out to form strong bushy plants. Large-flowered chrysanthemums carry a larger number of pinches, while they can be bred in the form of standard plants, formed into 1 stalk, and then repeatedly cut the upper shoots to form the crown of a tree.
This procedure will be needed by indoor plants, if the buds on the bushes do not open, the peduncles lack the strength to fully reveal the inflorescences. In this case, part of the buds must be plucked, providing faster opening and optimal sizes for the remaining inflorescences.
During the active growth phase in spring, chrysanthemum can not be pinched, but pruned for stronger containment. Moreover, if you see that the plant is stretching, losing its density, then pruning should not be afraid.
Mandatory annual pruning of chrysanthemums is usually carried out after flowering. Before providing the plant with all the necessary conditions for wintering, it must be cut to short stumps and immediately rearranged in a cool place. If you do not plan to keep indoor chrysanthemum, but just want to throw away the plant, then there is no need for pruning.
As in garden chrysanthemums, on indoor plants, fading inflorescences must be removed to increase the flowering time.
Transplant and substrate
After the cold period of wintering with the appearance of the first signs of growth, indoor chrysanthemums must be transplanted. Both very young and old chrysanthemums need a change of substrate. Of course, you can transplant especially adult bushes less often, but the annual transplantation positively affects flowering.
When transplanting a chrysanthemum, it is imperative to make sure that the level of deepening of the plant remains the same, and a high layer of drainage is laid at the bottom. After transplanting, any chrysanthemum provides easy shading and transitional conditions with a cool environment to adapt to new conditions.
Choosing a substrate for these plants, you can stop on almost any loose and sufficiently nutritious soil with a high-quality texture. It is believed that chrysanthemum will take root in any soil except sour. For it, you can use ordinary garden soil with sand additives, and universal ready-mixed earth mixtures, and special substrates for flowering crops. You can also prepare a mixture of equal parts of turf land, peat and humus.
Diseases and pests
Chrysanthemums can hardly be called resistant indoor plants. They are simply adored by pests, and if you give the latter freedom, then it will be very difficult to deal with the problem. A variety of diseases are found on bushes of chrysanthemums very often.
Of the pests, chrysanthemums are most threatened by aphids, thrips, soil flies, spider mites. Moreover, it is necessary to fight with insects on this plant immediately with insecticides. It is very important to isolate chrysanthemum in a timely manner, since it literally threatens every plant in the house.
Distributed on indoor chrysanthemums and various types of rot, and powdery mildew, and rust. But at the same time, problems arise only on initially infected plants with inattentive purchase or with stagnant waterlogging of the substrate. It is only necessary to fight diseases with fungicides of narrowly targeted action.
Propagation of indoor chrysanthemums
Indoor chrysanthemum retains the same variety of breeding methods as its garden counterparts. Plants can simply be divided, or you can get new bushes from cuttings or even from seeds.
For cuttings of chrysanthemums, only young twigs can be used. And at a minimum, to get new plants, you will have to save the mother plants for the winter. To do this, it is necessary to ensure a full wintering and wait until the spring of the appearance of a new green shoot. After cutting the chrysanthemum and placing it in a cool place for all winter months, in March it will begin to grow actively. As soon as the shoots grow to 12-15 cm, you can cut ten-centimeter cuttings and immediately put them rooted in a mixture of humus and peat, sprinkled on top with a thick layer of sand.
Chrysanthemum cuttings are planted shallow, at a distance of about 1 cm. Plants are sprayed with water, but not watered, under a film or glass they germinate in a cool place at a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius.As soon as the first roots are cut, they are planted in small pots one at a time, and only then the grown plants are transferred to larger pots to obtain more lush bushes, always placing them several in a single container.
In order to obtain indoor and abundantly blooming chrysanthemums, it is necessary to feed them weekly after transplantation into a new pot with complex fertilizer and ensure optimal soil moisture. It is worth considering that when grafting, the resulting plants sometimes differ from the original ones, since chrysanthemums treated with growth inhibitors and special stimulants are most often on sale.
Separation of bushes is carried out during transplantation in early spring. The plants, when the first signs of growth appear and before being transferred to new containers, can be carefully removed from the old pot and divided by hand or with a sharp knife into 2, in extreme cases, 3, very large divisions. In order for chrysanthemums to adapt faster, they need to provide a cool temperature and light soil moisture at higher humidity. You can not separate the bushes, but only separate the young shoots from the mother plant and plant them in small pots for growing.
Indoor chrysanthemums are propagated by seeds as rarely as garden ones. Sowing is carried out in shallow containers, in a pre-sanitized, previously spilled nutrient soil with warm water and germinated seeds under a film or glass in good light and cool, at a temperature of about 15-18 degrees. Dive is carried out after the plants release 4 real leaves. Usually seedlings of 2-3 plants per plant are placed. In order to accelerate flowering, you can plant them in larger groups.