How to plant a rose?
Flowers are a living art, and a rose is the queen of flowers. Its aroma and variety of forms of inflorescences awaken in us all the most tender and beautiful. Many would like to have a rose bush in their area, they enviously watch these queens shine with their neighbors for their beauty, but they are afraid of “difficulties” and leave their hopes in their dreams to have such a beauty. In fact, in growing roses, the most important secrets are desire and courage. What to consider when planting a rose bush? Let's find out.
Choosing a place and preparing the soil for planting roses
For roses, open, well-lit areas protected from the wind are preferred. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the soil well. Soil is considered well prepared if it contains enough nutrients, humus and no pests. Before embarking on the planting of roses, the plot is planned, divided into quarters, the planting material is sorted into grades, and the planting tool is prepared.
When to plant roses?
You can have excellent planting material, prepare the soil well and even take good care of roses, but if they are not planted correctly, the viability and productivity of the bushes, the quality of the flowers will be significantly lower than with a proper planting. The main task of planting is to ensure complete survival. The timing of planting roses is determined by the climatic conditions of the area. You can plant roses in spring and autumn. Autumn planting pays off when protecting plants from cold and moisture. Roses planted at this time develop much better than those planted in spring.
The best planting time - before the onset of constant frost - ensures root survival. Under favorable conditions, 10-12 days after planting roses in the autumn, small young white roots form on the roots, which, before the onset of frost, have time to harden and turn brown, that is, they take the form of active growth root hairs. In this form, the bushes winter well, and in the spring both the root and aboveground parts of plants begin to develop immediately.
Sometimes in the south the buds of newly planted roses begin to sprout in the fall. This should not be feared. In this case, the growing green shoot is pinched after the formation of the third leaf. If the third leaf has not yet formed, but frost is assumed, then the growing green shoot is pinched so that a stem 5-10 mm long remains from its base.
Usually in autumn there are more opportunities to get good planting material for roses. Having received it at the end of September, it is quite possible to plant it - with appropriate shelter for the winter, roses will not disappear. Having received roses late in the fall, it is better to dig them up for winter storage, for example, in a layer of slightly moistened sand (40-50 cm) in a basement with a temperature from 0 to minus 2 ° С. The room should not be dry, otherwise it is periodically sprayed with water to a relative humidity of 70-80%.
You can save planting material in the open in a trench or pit under a canopy. The trench is arranged so that between the soil and the shelter there is a gap of 5-10 cm, through which air must pass. Top trench covered with boards. In severe frosts, leaves, needles or soil are piled on the boards. It is even better to use an air-dry storage method for wintering roses.
In the spring with planting roses should not be late. From the strong heating of the soil by the sun, water from the plant tissues quickly evaporates and the roots take root poorly. If the seedlings of roses are slightly dried up, that is, the green bark on the shoots is wrinkled, for one day the material is immersed in water, after which they are dug in moist soil in the shade before planting.
If during shipment the seedlings of roses froze, then they are placed in a package in a cool room for thawing.
Processing roses before planting
Before planting, the stems and roots are cut so that the number of remaining shoots corresponds to the number of remaining roots. This is due to the fact that during excavation and transportation a huge part of the roots is lost. Small roots cannot provide nutrition in the initial growing period of the entire vegetative mass of newly planted rose bushes. After removing the extra shoots, the remaining one - three are shortened to 10-12 cm, leaving two or three sleeping buds on each. Such pruning will ensure good survival of seedlings. Often they do not do this, as a result there is a large attack of seedlings.
When planting on pre-cultivated soil, plowed or dug up to 50-60 cm, the distance between the rows is left in accordance with the dimensions of the processing agricultural implements - 80-100 cm, the distance in the row depending on the variety, the thickness of the bush is 30-60 cm. Dimensions planting pits or trenches are chosen so that it would be possible to freely place the roots on the earthen roller.
When planting in non-planted areas, pits 40-50 cm in size are arranged. When digging such pits, the top nutrient soil layer 25 cm thick is laid separately from the bottom. Then add to the top layer: organic fertilizers (better than rotted cow manure) - 8 kg per planting pit, superphosphate - 25 g each, potassium fertilizers - 10 g each. The missing amount of soil is taken from the lower layer. All this mix well.
The bottom of the pit is covered with 10 cm rotted manure and a shovel is dug up on a bayonet, then it is covered with soil in such a way that a roller forms from the soil on which the roots are laid.
Then the rest of the soil is filled up, slightly shaking the roots to evenly place them in the soil. So that air voids do not form around the roots, the soil after planting is slightly compacted, making a small hole around the bush so that water does not flow during irrigation. Watered at the rate of 10 liters per bush. The day after planting, the budding site should be 3-4 cm below the soil horizon. If it turned out to be lower, the bush should be raised with a shovel and the soil should be poured under it. If the bush was above the mark, it is lowered.
After two or three days, the soil is loosened to a depth of 3 cm and the bush is cultivated with soil to the level of cut of shoots, that is, 10 cm. As soon as the buds begin to develop, the soil is removed from the shoots. Again planted roses, until normal leaves develop on them, it is useful to spray early in the morning or in the evening before sunset (so that the leaves have time to dry out).
Author: Sokolov N.I.