Pregnancy and childbirth of a goat - how to care for a goat and kids?
If you buy a young goat to regularly receive milk from her, you should understand that this is possible only after her pregnancy and childbirth. Usually a goat is ready for mating as early as 7 months. But she is not yet ready for bearing the fetus. It is better to let the goat grow up to 35-40 kg (or up to 75% of adult weight). This will happen at the age of 11-15 months. How to help a goat to give birth to offspring, how to care for a pregnant goat and newborn kids, we will tell in the article.
How to understand that a goat is ready for mating?
The moment of favorable mating (sexual hunting) is determined by the behavior, as well as by the condition of the external genital organs of the goat. Sexual hunting lasts 24-48 hours. The sexual cycle of a goat is 18-21 days. If the goat:
- begins to sniff, bleat and tear somewhere;
- its genitals swell and redden, and thick muddy mucus is secreted from them, which turns white by the end of the hunt;
- the goat’s wet tail constantly turns
then your goat is ready for mating and she needs a goat.
The goat goes succose (pregnant) 148-153 days. Moreover, it becomes noticeable only from the second half of pregnancy.
There are folk methods for identifying sucrose. Method for milk: you need to drop a few drops of milk into a glass of water. Milk from the sucrose uterus will sink to the bottom of the glass. If milk dissolves in water, the goat is not pregnant.
But this method is not entirely accurate with respect to the birthright. It is easier to determine the consistency by skipping hunting, and accurately diagnose it by an increase in the abdomen.
Feeding pregnant goats
The first half of the goat succosis is fed as usual. Further, the feed volume gradually increases, and its composition changes. It is necessary to ensure that the goat does not overeat, otherwise serious complications can occur during childbirth.
Approximate daily diet of goats on demolitions, starting from the third month of pregnancymay look like this:
- Morning: crushed grain mixture - 200 g, root crops - 500 g;
- Day: hay - 1.5-2 kg;
- Evening: a mixture of grain and bran (1: 1) - 200 g, meadow hay - 2 kg.
In the same period, goats are given daily 10 g of crushed chalk and salt to maintain the balance of minerals in the body.
The fetus is growing by that time, the uterus squeezes the scar, and it is no longer possible to feed the goat with concentrated and voluminous feeds.
2 weeks before lambing, the goat is transferred to juicy and maximally liquid feeds (grain during this period is best given in the form of steamed porridges; thoroughly chop the roots and mix with bran and water).
Pregnancy is stress. Goats have an increased need for good nutrition.
- D - regulator of absorption of calcium and phosphorus. With a vitamin deficiency, postpartum paresis is possible, which can lead to the death of the animal. Vitamin D - found in fresh hay, dried in the sun.
- AND - is responsible for the structure and development of the fetus.
- IN - The regulator of the hematopoietic system, as well as the nervous system.
- FROM - affects the development and functioning of the cardiovascular system.
- E - responsible for the reproductive function.
- TO - blood coagulation regulator.
For growth, a fetus needs a diet rich in proteins, minerals and trace elements. Especially often iodine is deficient. Therefore, feed for pregnant goats should be added to feed, mineral and vitamin premixes.
Important! In no case should succous goats be given ice water - there may be a miscarriage.
After lambing, the goat is fed the first week in the same way as before birth. Drinking from bran, finely chopped root vegetables and bean hay is well suited. From the second week, the consistency and set of products is returned to normal. But for better milk yield, straw is replaced with hay, and concentrates and silage are replaced with root crops. The amount of each product should be about 3-4 kg.
Goat care during demolition and lambing
On a demolition goat should be regularly combed out with a hard brush. Scrubbing relieves nervous and muscle tension. This must be done, as combing improves blood circulation, which is very useful for posterity.
A month before giving birth, a milk goat is “launched”. That is, gradually stop milking. Reduce the number of milks, reduce the volume of milk dispensed, leave a part in the udder. Then they milk it in a day, then in two. When the volume of milk is one glass once a day, milking is stopped.
But the udder must still be monitored. If condensation and swelling are found, then the remaining milk must be milked. Otherwise, it may be mastitis.
For lambing, you need to prepare a secluded, dry, ventilated and clean, as well as a fairly spacious and cool place with a temperature of + 12 ... + 15ºС.
Harbingers of Lambing and the Birth of Kids
A week before lambing, the sciatic bones diverge slightly and a cavity forms, a stomach drops, and the udder fills. 2 days before lambing, colostrum will stand out from the udder. If the udder is hot and hard, the goat will give birth within 24 hours.
Shortly before birth, the goat will begin to worry, refuse to feed. The animal will push every 5-10 minutes. Attempts push a cervical cork from the vagina in the form of a straw-colored mucus. (If the mucus is white or cream, you must consult a veterinarian - vaginitis is possible). After the cork leaves, the goat often looks back at the stomach and begins to look for a place for childbirth.
The goat owner also needs to prepare:
- The room for lambing must be brought into a sterile state.
- Have a pair of paper and bath towels.
- A jar of iodine.
- Hang the lamp for lighting and possible heating.
- Keep scissors on hand to cut off the umbilical cord.
- Prepare a drawer with clean, soft litter.
Normal childbirth lasts no more than half an hour. The umbilical cord usually comes off on its own. If you observe a hitch, you can help the goat to stand up, then the separation will be easier.
For newcomers, it is better to invite a veterinarian for the duration of the birth. Decisive and competent action may suddenly be needed.
For the first time, a goat gives birth to one kid, and in subsequent times it can be 2, or even 3.
Newborn Baby Care
The first thing you need to drink a kid is colostrum. Usually they can suck the udder on their own. But sometimes it’s worth helping them. You can milk colostrum and water the kid through the nipple. But the first drops of colostrum are better to be dumped, as there may be dirt at the entrance of the nipples.
In the first week it is necessary to decontaminate the kids. Do not forget about vaccinations!
Two weeks, kids only drink mother's milk. Then they start feeding. Milk, although very useful, but the kids need to train their digestive system. A well-developed digestive system is the key to the future productivity of the animal. However, up to three months, the kids in the stall should have free access to the udder. The remaining milk must be removed.
From two weeks, the kids are fed with hay. They are regularly drunk with warm water or herbal tea. From three weeks, concentrated feeds are added. It can be a mixture of oilcake, crushed oats and bran. Chalk and bone meal are added to the mixture. The grown kids are given oatmeal. She replaces one of the milk feeds. The porridge is given warm, slightly salted. Gradually wean from milk. Gradually accustom to root crops and vegetables. They are washed and cut smaller.
By the month the kids are released into the pasture. When grazing, the kids periodically worm off and monitor the skin condition for lice. For the prevention of coccidiosis, the content of copper in the feed is monitored.
An early sign of a copper deficiency: the coat becomes tousled, dry, shaggy and dull, in addition, it is also reddish, sort of burnt out. In addition to the swirling and shaggy coat, the "fish tail" is clearly visible. This is another sign of copper deficiency. The tip of the tail is bald and the hair is divided into two bunches. Really reminds a fish tail. It is treated with copper sulfate 10-20 mg per day per head.